Mardi 20 Octobre 2020

Dernières nouvelles sur le coronavirus et l'enseignement supérieur


Le Congrès adopte une mesure pour protéger les avantages du GI Bill 19 mars, 14 h 23 La Chambre a approuvé à l'unanimité une mesure donnant au ministère des Anciens Combattants la possibilité de ne pas avoir à réduire l'allocation de logement en vertu du projet de loi sur les IG.
Le Sénat a adopté la mesure lundi, de sorte que le projet de loi sera désormais soumis au président Trump.
Les groupes de vétérans craignaient que la réglementation de la VA n'oblige l'agence à réduire les allocations de logement à la moitié de l'allocation de logement de base du Département de la défense pour les étudiants inscrits à des programmes universitaires qui passent de mi-parcours de personne à en ligne.
Ils craignaient également que les programmes en personne approuvés pour les prestations GI Bill ne soient plus éligibles s'ils devenaient en ligne uniquement. Cela pourrait signifier que des avantages tels que les frais de scolarité et les allocations de logement cesseraient pour les étudiants de ces programmes, car ils ne seraient plus approuvés par VA.
«Nous sommes soulagés que les étudiants liés à l'armée soient désormais libérés du fardeau des soucis liés à leur allocation de logement et puissent se concentrer sur la protection de leurs familles et de leur communauté, alors qu'ils tentent de terminer leurs études à distance», a déclaré Tanya Ang, vice-présidente des anciens combattants. Education Success, l'un des groupes qui avaient fait pression pour la mesure.
- Kery Murakami Le président de l'Université catholique obtient des résultats positifs pour COVID-19 19 mars, 12 h 10 John Garvey, président de l'Université catholique, a publié jeudi un communiqué affirmant qu'il avait été testé positif au COVID-19. Garvey, mis en quarantaine depuis le 13 mars, a déclaré qu'il ne présentait plus de symptômes. Il continuera son auto-isolement, selon les directives du CDC.
"Ces nouvelles peuvent concerner beaucoup de personnes sur le campus", a déclaré Garvey à propos de Catholic, qui est situé à Washington, DC. "Nous avons pris toutes les précautions nécessaires pour arrêter la propagation de COVID-19 sur ses traces, notamment en déplaçant toutes les classes en ligne, en fermant dans nos résidences pour le semestre, annulant tous les matchs et entraînements d'athlétisme et accordant de larges autorisations aux employés de travailler à domicile. "
- Paul Fain Sénat Dems: 10 000 $ en allègement de prêt étudiant pour tous les emprunteurs 19 mars, 11 h 30 Les démocrates du Sénat ont publié leur plan visant à offrir un allégement de prêt étudiant aux emprunteurs en raison des perturbations causées par la pandémie. La proposition autoriserait le ministère américain de l'Éducation à effectuer des paiements équivalents au montant dû pour tous les emprunteurs fédéraux de prêts aux étudiants pendant toute la durée des périodes d'urgence nationale et d'urgence de santé publique. La saisie-arrêt des salaires, des remboursements d'impôts et des prestations de sécurité sociale s'arrêterait également dans le cadre du plan, qui codifierait le plan du président Trump de renoncer aux intérêts sur tous les prêts étudiants fédéraux.
"Cette suspension des paiements sera une nouvelle politique distincte de" l'ajournement "et de" l'abstention ", qui sont des procédures opt-in qui ne comptent pas pour la remise de prêt étudiant dans le cadre du remboursement motivé par le revenu (IDR) ou du pardon des prêts de la fonction publique (PSLF) ", a déclaré la proposition. "Pendant la période de suspension des paiements, les emprunteurs recevront un crédit pour remise et remise en état des prêts effectués par le ministère en leur nom. Tous les paiements effectués par le ministère seront exonérés d'impôt pour les emprunteurs."
Le ministère serait également tenu de veiller à ce que chaque emprunteur fédéral d'un prêt étudiant reçoive au moins 10 000 $ en allégement de prêt étudiant au plus tard 90 jours après la fin de l'urgence nationale.
Dans le cadre de ce plan, le Secrétaire à l'éducation enverrait des avis mensuels à tous les emprunteurs pour leur permettre de se retirer de la suspension et de la contribution au paiement et pour les informer que le programme est temporaire et prendra fin à un moment donné lorsque l'urgence nationale aura cessé.
- Paul Fain Le sénateur Alexander: Permettre aux étudiants de différer les paiements de prêt 19 mars, 10 h 35 Le sénateur Lamar Alexander a appelé mercredi le Congrès américain à adopter des mesures supplémentaires pour aider les étudiants et les emprunteurs avec une dette de prêt étudiant, y compris un appel pour permettre aux emprunteurs de différer les paiements de prêt. "Nous allons devoir payer ce qu'il en coûte pour contenir cette maladie", a déclaré Alexander dans le communiqué, qui faisait référence à un troisième projet de loi de secours COVID-19 que le Congrès envisage.
"Cette législation devra résoudre les problèmes pour que le mandat de congé payé fonctionne, améliorer et étendre davantage les tests COVID-19, augmenter la disponibilité des masques médicaux et d'autres équipements de protection et augmenter le nombre de travailleurs de la santé", a déclaré Alexander, un Républicain du Tennessee qui préside le comité sénatorial de la santé et de l'éducation. "Nous devons également autoriser les étudiants à différer le paiement de leurs prêts étudiants et à conserver leurs bourses Pell et à donner au secrétaire à l'Éducation la possibilité de renoncer aux tests fédéraux de scolarité et aux règles de responsabilité. Le Congrès devrait adopter cette loi immédiatement."
- Paul Fain Case Western, Mansfield Drop SAT 18 mars, 17 h 08 Case Western Reserve University et Mansfield University of Pennsylvania ont toutes deux supprimé les exigences pour que les candidats soumettent des scores SAT ou ACT, citant la pandémie COVID-19.
Case Western a annoncé que sa politique toucherait ceux qui souhaitent présenter une demande à l'automne 2021 ou après. L'université a déclaré que l'annulation des dates SAT et ACT a accéléré le changement.
Richard Bischoff, vice-président de l'université pour la gestion des inscriptions, a déclaré: "Nous préférons que les étudiants se concentrent du mieux qu'ils le peuvent sur leurs matières académiques plutôt que de se soucier de la SAT ou de l'ACT. Les tests n'ont toujours été qu'un facteur dans notre évaluation des candidatures, et nous sommes convaincus que nous continuerons à prendre des décisions d'admission de qualité pour les étudiants qui ne sont pas en mesure de passer le test ou qui choisissent de ne pas soumettre leurs résultats. »
Mansfield a déclaré que sa politique entrerait en vigueur immédiatement, pour les candidats de l'automne 2020.
- Scott Jaschik Un professeur de l'Université de Washington décède de COVID-19 18 mars, 16 h 30 Un professeur de l'Université de Washington est décédé des suites d'une infection à COVID-19, causée par le nouveau coronavirus.
Stephen Schwartz était professeur de pathologie. L'université a confirmé la nouvelle dans un tweet. (Remarque: cet élément a été mis à jour pour corriger l'identité du Dr Schwartz.)
"Il a laissé une empreinte durable sur notre département, notre université et la communauté scientifique au sens large et nous manquera beaucoup", a déclaré le tweet.
Schwartz a fait sa résidence au département de pathologie de l'université de 1967 à 1972, selon un rapport du Seattle Times. Il a commencé comme professeur adjoint en 1973.
Il était également professeur auxiliaire dans les départements de bio-ingénierie et de médecine.
Le président par intérim du département, Charles Alpers, a déclaré dans un courriel obtenu par le Times que Schwartz est "à juste titre considéré comme un géant parmi les enquêteurs de la biologie des cellules musculaires lisses et de la structure des vaisseaux sanguins",
Schwartz a également été enquêteur de l'American Heart Association, président fondateur de la Gordon Research Conference et co-fondateur de la North American Vascular Biology Organization.
- Madeline St. Amour Une perspective Ed plus élevée désormais négative 18 mars, 14 h Les perspectives financières pour l'enseignement supérieur sont désormais négatives, selon Moody's Investors Service.
L'industrie était auparavant considérée comme stable.
"Pour l'exercice 2021, les universités sont confrontées à une incertitude d'inscription sans précédent, à des risques pour de multiples sources de revenus et à une érosion matérielle potentielle de leurs bilans", selon le rapport de Moody's.
Environ 30% des collèges ont déjà de faibles performances opérationnelles, ils auront donc encore plus de mal à s'adapter aux perturbations causées par le coronavirus et la nouvelle récession.
De nombreux collèges ont réagi au coronavirus en se déplaçant en ligne et en renvoyant les étudiants chez eux, ce qui aura un impact immédiat sur les sources de revenus, selon Moody's.
Il existe une grande variété parmi les institutions dans la façon dont elles seront capables de traverser cette tempête. Cependant, plus de 30% des universités publiques connaissent des déficits de fonctionnement et plus de 15% disposent de moins de 90 jours de liquidités, ce qui les met particulièrement en danger.
Il est tout à fait possible que l'enseignement supérieur soit confronté à des perturbations dans les inscriptions, le financement public, les revenus de dotation et les subventions de recherche. Cependant, si l'économie revient à la normale une fois l'épidémie contenue et que les inscriptions restent stables à l'automne, ces prévisions pourraient être inversées.
Si la perturbation causée par le coronavirus se poursuit à l'automne, il est possible que certains collèges déclarent une exigence fiscale, selon Moody's. Ce mécanisme rarement utilisé permet aux collèges confrontés à de graves difficultés financières de s'attaquer rapidement aux coûts fixes, comme la permanence.
- Madeline St. Amour Le Sénat veut racheter les soldes des prêts étudiants 18 mars, 13 h 40 Les démocrates du Sénat proposent que le prochain plan de relance contre les coronavirus non seulement reporte le remboursement des prêts étudiants fédéraux, mais rembourse les sommes dues, ont confirmé aujourd'hui des responsables.
Le chef de la minorité démocrate au Sénat, Chuck Schumer, a déclaré lundi au Sénat: «Notre proposition vous permettra de reporter vos prêts hypothécaires de six mois. Aucune pénalité, frais ou impact sur votre crédit. Nous ferons de même pour les prêts étudiants. »
Mais selon une présentation PowerPoint sur la proposition faite aux sénateurs démocrates, le plan «annulerait les paiements mensuels aux étudiants et ferait payer le gouvernement fédéral».
Le bureau de Schumer a déclaré mardi: «Notre proposition fonctionnerait de concert avec la directive du président de supprimer les intérêts sur les prêts étudiants. Nos paiements seraient donc en fait directement vers le solde du principal. »
On ne sait pas s'il sera inclus dans le cadre d'un passage final. Les républicains du Sénat travaillent avec le président Trump sur une proposition que le chef de la majorité au Sénat, Mitch McConnell, a décrite lundi comme un républicain serait en mesure de s'entendre. Il s’engagerait ensuite auprès des démocrates pour obtenir un accord susceptible d’être adopté par le Sénat.
La proposition intervient alors que les législateurs travaillent sur un ensemble de coronavirus encore plus important que celui de 100 milliards de dollars adopté par la Chambre et qui devrait être approuvé par le Sénat. Jusqu'à présent, les républicains n'ont pas parlé d'en faire plus pour les emprunteurs que l'annonce faite par Trump vendredi qu'il renoncerait temporairement aux intérêts sur les prêts étudiants fédéraux.
Michael Stratford, du Politico, a tweeté mardi matin que Trump proposait que la prochaine série d'aides inclue 40 millions de dollars pour payer la renonciation aux intérêts. Trump demande également 100 millions de dollars de subventions aux écoles et aux collèges pour la réponse aux coronavirus, y compris la désinfection des bâtiments et la fourniture de conseils et d'enseignement à distance.
- Kery Murakami Nouveau guide pour les accréditeurs 18 mars, 11 h 30 Les agences d'accréditation peuvent désormais effectuer des visites de sites virtuels et prolonger la durée de l'accréditation à la lumière du nouveau coronavirus, selon de nouvelles directives du département américain de l'Éducation.
Les agences ne sont pas tenues de mettre en œuvre des visites virtuelles, mais elles ont le pouvoir temporaire de le faire. Ils devraient assurer le suivi des visites sur place en personne, qui ne doivent pas nécessairement être des visites complètes sur site par des pairs, dans un délai raisonnable pour répondre aux exigences légales et réglementaires.
Les visites de sites virtuels devraient utiliser des formats interactifs tels que des réunions téléphoniques et de vidéoconférence, plutôt que des e-mails, indique le guide.
Les agences d'accréditation peuvent adopter ou modifier les politiques de visite de sites virtuels sans période de commentaires du public si elles souhaitent emprunter cette voie.
Pour les établissements qui étaient sur le point de renouveler leur accréditation et qui avaient prévu une visite sur place pendant cette période, les agences peuvent prolonger la durée de l'accréditation pour une période raisonnable. Les accréditeurs peuvent également fournir une prolongation de la bonne cause aux institutions en probation mais qui ne peuvent pas organiser de visite sur place en raison d'interruptions causées par le coronavirus.
Les directives du ministère rappellent également aux organismes qu'ils peuvent accréditer rétroactivement les établissements en cas d'annulation d'un site pour approbation finale, afin que les étudiants puissent obtenir leur diplôme d'un établissement accrédité.
Les agences devraient enregistrer et publier leurs décisions d'utiliser ces flexibilités temporaires, ainsi que conserver des enregistrements de ce que les collèges ont utilisé ces extensions et dérogations.
- Madeline St. Amour Formation pour les visites de sites d'accréditation virtuelle 18 mars, 10 h L'Université Western Governors propose des webinaires de formation sur la façon d'héberger et de gérer les visites de sites d'évaluation de l'accréditation virtuelle à la lumière des orientations pour le nouveau coronavirus.
Le collège en ligne à but non lucratif organise les webinaires avec la Commission du Nord-Ouest sur les collèges et universités, une organisation régionale d'accréditation, à partir de cette semaine, selon un communiqué de presse.
La commission prévoit de faire des visites virtuelles du site pour suivre les recommandations de distanciation sociale des gouvernements locaux, étatiques et fédéraux.
Les visites d'évaluation sur site permettent d'évaluer si les établissements accrédités continuent de répondre aux normes d'accréditation requises. Les visites de sites d’évaluation virtuelle sont rares.
Les webinaires de formation se concentreront sur les bases des réunions Internet, les considérations relatives aux réunions Internet, les considérations relatives aux visites sur site et le dépannage des réunions Internet.
- Madeline St. Amour Les universités augmentent leur capacité de test COVID-19 18 mars, 9 h 37 Selon un tracker créé par l'American Enterprise Institute, l'Université de Washington Virology Lab et l'Université de Stanford figurent parmi les principales organisations du pays en matière de capacité de test COVID-19. Le laboratoire UW est en mesure de tester 2000 patients par jour, a déclaré AEI, tandis que Stanford peut en traiter 1000. Parmi les leaders américains dans le développement et le traitement des tests, on trouve l'Université de Yale, les centres médicaux de l'Université de Californie, l'Université de Washington à St. Louis, l'Université Johns Hopkins, l'Université de Pittsburgh Medical Center et le NorthShore University HealthSystem dans l'Illinois, qui a une affiliation d'enseignement avec l'Université de Chicago.
Les scientifiques de l'UW, par exemple, ont commencé à développer leur test peu de temps après avoir lu en décembre sur la propagation du coronavirus en Chine, a rapporté le Seattle Times.
Après l'échec d'un test COVID-19 des Centers for Disease Control and Prevention dans la réponse initiale du pays à l'épidémie, l'Association of American Medical Colleges a signalé que les centres médicaux universitaires ont rapidement cherché à combler le vide. L'association a déclaré que les laboratoires universitaires au cours des deux premières semaines étaient frustrés par un processus d'approbation fédéral qui avait bloqué le déploiement des tests. Mais le développement et l'utilisation de tests semblent désormais s'intensifier.
Le Stanford Clinical Virology Laboratory a déclaré plus tôt cette semaine qu'il utilisait des tests de diagnostic internes sur des centaines d'échantillons de patients chaque jour de la région de la baie et au-delà, et prévoyait de traiter plus de 1000 tests par jour. L'université peut renvoyer les résultats des tests dans les 24 heures. Et il a créé une installation de test au volant à Palo Alto.
Les laboratoires de Stanford ont fait don d'équipement et réaffecté du personnel pour aider à effectuer les tests. Et l'université produit des composants de test qui sont rares, y compris les amorces et les sondes utilisées pour amplifier le matériel génétique viral dans les échantillons de patients. Le laboratoire de virologie fournira également un soutien pour un nouvel essai clinique visant à tester l'efficacité du médicament antiviral remdesivir dans le traitement des personnes atteintes du virus.
"Très peu d'autres endroits du pays sont capables de fournir cette échelle de tests COVID-19 à ce stade", a déclaré le Dr Benjamin Pinsky, directeur médical du laboratoire et professeur agrégé de pathologie et de maladies infectieuses à la Stanford's School of Medicine. une déclaration. «Heureusement, nous avons eu la prévoyance en janvier d'imaginer que la capacité de fournir des tests pour COVID-19 serait importante, et nous avons travaillé dur pour y arriver.»
- Paul Fain Le conseil d'administration de l'ALA soutient la fermeture des bibliothèques 17 mars, 16 h 23 Le conseil d'administration de l'American Library Association recommande aux bibliothèques universitaires, publiques et scolaires d'envisager de fermer au public à la lumière de la nouvelle épidémie de coronavirus.
«Pour protéger les travailleurs des bibliothèques et leurs communautés contre l'exposition au COVID-19 en ces temps sans précédent, nous recommandons fortement que les responsables des bibliothèques universitaires, publiques et scolaires et leurs administrateurs et organes directeurs évaluent la fermeture des bibliothèques au public et ne rouvrent que lorsque les conseils du public Les responsables de la santé indiquent que le risque de COVID-19 s'est considérablement atténué », a-t-il déclaré dans un communiqué.
La fermeture des bibliothèques est généralement une décision locale. Mais le conseil a exhorté les administrateurs, les conseils locaux et les gouvernements à fermer les bibliothèques. Il a également apporté son soutien aux congés payés et à la couverture des soins de santé du personnel pendant la fermeture des bibliothèques.
La question de savoir s'il faut fermer les bibliothèques est difficile pour beaucoup, car les bibliothécaires "sont fiers d'être là pendant les périodes critiques pour nos communautés", indique le communiqué. Mais il a également noté que les bibliothèques «sont par conception incapables de pratiquer la distanciation sociale au degré recommandé par les Centers for Disease Control and Prevention et d'autres autorités sanitaires».
Le maintien des bibliothèques ouvertes pourrait faire plus de mal que de bien, selon le Conseil exécutif de l'ALA. Mais le conseil a également noté les façons dont différentes bibliothèques fournissent des services même après la fermeture, par exemple en offrant des cours en ligne aux étudiants, en offrant un accès en ligne aux ressources et en travaillant avec divers responsables pour déterminer quels services sont nécessaires.
- Rick Seltzer La Coalition appelle la FCC à agir 17 mars, 16 h 15 La Schools, Health and Libraries Broadband Coalition demande à la Federal Communications Commission d'accélérer les services à large bande abordables pour les Américains non connectés à la lumière du nouveau coronavirus.
En réponse à la crise de santé publique, les collèges et les écoles clôturent et déplacent les cours en ligne, ce qui peut poser un problème aux quelque sept millions d'étudiants qui n'ont pas accès à Internet haut débit à la maison, selon la lettre de la coalition.
La coalition recommande que la FCC prenne plusieurs mesures, notamment:

  • autoriser le financement d'urgence du Fonds pour le service universel pour les programmes de prêts sur place
  • encourager les fournisseurs de services Internet à étendre les offres de services à large bande à bas prix
  • accorder une subvention aux fournisseurs pour offrir une connexion haut débit gratuite ou à bas prix aux étudiants qui doivent rester à la maison
  • permettre aux écoles et aux bibliothèques d'étendre leurs réseaux aux foyers
  • permettre aux écoles rurales et aux organismes sans but lucratif d'éducation de revendiquer des licences de service éducatif à large bande
  • autoriser le financement des fournisseurs de services Internet sans fil pour déployer le haut débit dans les zones non desservies où les écoles sont fermées
  • "La FCC peut prendre plusieurs mesures dès maintenant pour promouvoir les programmes de prêt de points d'accès et permettre aux écoles, aux bibliothèques et aux fournisseurs de télésanté d'augmenter leur capacité à large bande et de partager cette capacité avec la communauté environnante", a déclaré John Windhausen Jr., directeur exécutif de la coalition, dans un rapport. «Nous ne pouvons pas laisser les gens du mauvais côté d'un écart en matière d'éducation et de soins de santé, en particulier avec les Centers for Disease Control recommandant la fermeture des écoles pendant au moins 8 semaines. La SHLB Coalition exhorte la FCC à exploiter le pouvoir des institutions d’ancrage communautaires pour protéger l’accès de notre pays aux soins de santé et à l’éducation en ces temps difficiles. »
    - Madeline St. Amour New York bloque le recouvrement des créances des étudiants 17 mars, 14 h 10 New York suspend le remboursement de sa dette de prêt étudiant en raison du coronavirus.
    Le gouverneur démocrate de l'État, Andrew Cuomo, et le procureur général, Letitia James, ont annoncé dans un communiqué de presse que les paiements de dette renvoyés par l'État aux New Yorkais seront gelés pour les 30 prochains jours.
    L'État ne recouvrira pas de dette médicale ou de prêt étudiant, ainsi que d'autres formes de dette, pendant cette période. Environ 165000 cas répondent aux critères du gel, y compris les patients qui ont une dette médicale envers les hôpitaux publics, ceux qui doivent une dette étudiante aux campus de l'Université d'État de New York et des particuliers ou des propriétaires d'entreprise qui ont une dette liée à des choses comme des dommages matériels.
    La politique suspend également l'accumulation des intérêts et des frais sur la dette médicale et étudiante de l'État en souffrance.
    Après la fin de la période de 30 jours, le bureau du procureur général réévaluera la situation, selon le communiqué.
    "Alors que l'impact financier de cette crise émergente augmente, nous faisons tout notre possible pour soutenir les milliers de New-Yorkais qui souffrent des perturbations causées par la pandémie de COVID-19", a déclaré Cuomo dans un communiqué. «Cette nouvelle action visant à suspendre temporairement le recouvrement de la dette due à l'État contribuera à atténuer l'impact financier de l'épidémie sur les individus, les familles, les communautés et les entreprises de New York alors que nous continuons à faire tout notre possible pour ralentir la propagation du virus . "
    - Madeline St. Amour Virginia annule le début des collèges de deux ans 17 mars, 14 h Les cérémonies de lancement des collèges communautaires de Virginie sont annulées.
    Glenn DuBois, chancelier du système des 23 collèges communautaires, qui inscrit près de 230 000 étudiants, a annoncé la décision mardi, citant les récentes orientations des Centers for Disease Control and Prevention qui demandent aux gens d'éviter les rassemblements publics de 50 personnes ou plus pour la prochaine huit semaines.
    Les collèges honoreront les réalisations des étudiants à une date ultérieure de manière sûre, a déclaré DuBois dans une lettre à la communauté du système.
    - Madeline St. Amour Cours de l'Université du peuple ouvert à tous 17 mars, 14 h University of the People, un organisme à but non lucratif en ligne, propose ses cours accrédités à n'importe quelle université à utiliser lorsque les étudiants passent à l'enseignement en ligne uniquement à mesure que le nouveau coronavirus se propage.
    Les 115 cours de l'université seront ouverts à tous les collèges, selon un communiqué. Les membres du corps professoral de l'Université du Peuple enseigneront les cours, que les étudiants peuvent prendre pour crédit dans leurs propres universités. Les cours porteront sur des sujets tels que l'enseignement général, l'administration des affaires, l'informatique, les sciences de la santé et l'éducation.
    «Les universités sont confrontées à un énorme défi de devoir fermer des campus et démarrer en ligne, sans sacrifier la qualité de l'enseignement. Cependant, l'éducation en ligne n'improvise pas simplement avec Internet; c'est une pratique réelle qui nécessite de la technologie et de l'expertise », a déclaré Shai Reshef, président de l'université, dans le communiqué. "Parce que nous sommes en ligne depuis plus de 10 ans, nous sommes dans une position unique pour offrir nos cours à toutes les institutions intéressées."
    - Madeline St. Amour Les démocrates du Sénat proposeront à nouveau un report de six mois sur le remboursement des prêts étudiants 17 mars, 12 h 33 Alors que le Sénat considère le plan de relance de 104 milliards de dollars pour les coronavirus approuvé par la Chambre, les législateurs travaillent sur un autre plan de relance. Et le chef de la minorité du Sénat, Chuck Schumer, a déclaré que les démocrates du Sénat proposeront de laisser les emprunteurs étudiants différer les paiements pendant six mois.
    S'exprimant au Sénat mardi matin, Schumer a déclaré que la proposition globale s'élèverait à au moins 750 milliards de dollars.
    "Notre proposition vous permettra de reporter vos prêts hypothécaires de six mois", a-t-il déclaré. "Aucune pénalité, frais ou impact sur votre crédit. Nous ferons de même pour les prêts étudiants."
    Kyle Southern, directeur de la politique de l'enseignement supérieur et du plaidoyer pour le groupe de plaidoyer centré sur le millénaire Young Invincibles, a également appelé à un report de six mois. Dans un communiqué, il a déclaré: "Les jeunes d'aujourd'hui sont les plus endettés de l'histoire, sont plus susceptibles de vivre de chèque de paie de chèque de paie et sont plus susceptibles d'occuper des emplois horaires ou à bas salaire qui sont touchés par des fermetures généralisées. Chaque le dollar compte pour les jeunes qui luttent pour rester en bonne santé, en sécurité et financièrement… En suspendant les paiements requis, le président peut mettre des centaines de dollars par mois dans les poches des jeunes, contribuant ainsi à alléger un immense fardeau financier alors qu'ils traversent cette crise. "
    Le chef de la majorité au Sénat, Mitch McConnell, a également déclaré dans un discours au sol que les républicains travailleraient avec le secrétaire au Trésor Steven Mnuchin sur une aide supplémentaire. «Nous devons fournir une assistance plus directe aux travailleurs et aux familles américains», a déclaré McConnell.
    CNN a rapporté que Mnuchin présentera mardi aux sénateurs républicains plus de détails sur un paquet de 850 milliards de dollars proposé par le président Trump.
    Le 11 mars, Schumer avait déjà demandé six mois d'abstention de paiement sur les hypothèques et les prêts étudiants fédéraux ou garantis par le gouvernement fédéral.
    - Kery Murakami Falwell et Liberty Bow interdisent l'état d'urgence 17 mars, 11 h 10 La Liberty University transfère la plupart des classes résidentielles vers un format numérique, quelques jours seulement après que Jerry Falwell Jr., le président de l'université, a tweeté que les classes se poursuivraient sur le campus.
    Le renversement intervient après que des responsables en Virginie, où se trouve Liberty, ont mis en œuvre une interdiction d'urgence des rassemblements publics de 100 personnes ou plus, selon un communiqué de presse.
    "Nous pensions à l'origine qu'il était plus sûr de renvoyer nos étudiants après leurs vacances de printemps au lieu de les faire revenir après de plus grandes opportunités d'exposition de les laisser dans différentes parties du pays pour de plus longues périodes", a déclaré Falwell dans le communiqué. "Mais, la récente décision du gouverneur de limiter certains rassemblements ne nous a laissé aucun choix pratique car nous avons tellement de classes de plus de 100 étudiants."
    Le changement prendra effet à la fin des vacances de printemps, le 23 mars.
    Les étudiants peuvent toujours retourner sur le campus après les vacances de printemps et suivre des cours en ligne dans leur résidence universitaire. Certaines classes, comme l'aviation et les soins infirmiers, resteront en personne.
    - Madeline St. Amour Le Sénat adopte un projet de loi pour protéger les avantages du projet de loi GI 17 mars, 9 h 40 Lundi, le Sénat américain a adopté un projet de loi qui donnerait au ministère des Anciens Combattants le pouvoir discrétionnaire de ne pas réduire les avantages du GI Bill pour les anciens combattants étudiants qui fréquentent des collèges ou des universités qui ferment ou se connectent uniquement pendant la pandémie de coronavirus. Le Sénat a précipité la législation d'urgence tard hier soir, a rapporté le Military Times. Mais son sort à la Chambre reste incertain.
    La mesure vise à maintenir les paiements d'allocations de logement en vertu de la loi sur les IG dans les cas où les programmes collégiaux passent de mi-session en personne à en ligne. Il chercherait également à empêcher la perturbation des frais de scolarité et de logement lorsqu'un programme universitaire a été préapprouvé comme éligible aux avantages de GI Bill en tant que programme en personne, mais pas en ligne.
    - Paul Fain Lignes directrices des autorités fédérales sur les étudiants handicapés, l'accès au Web et la prévention de la discrimination 17 mars, 9 h 15 Le ministère américain de l'Éducation a publié des lignes directrices pour assurer l'accessibilité à Internet aux élèves handicapés et pour prévenir la discrimination alors que les collèges et les écoles K-12 font face à la pandémie de coronavirus.
    Un webinaire du Bureau des droits civils du ministère vise à rappeler aux décideurs leurs responsabilités en matière d'accessibilité du Web pour l'enseignement à distance.
    "Les outils d'apprentissage en ligne doivent être accessibles aux étudiants handicapés, et ils doivent être compatibles avec les différentes formes de technologies d'assistance que les étudiants pourraient utiliser pour les aider à apprendre", a indiqué le département dans un communiqué. "Le webinaire conseille aux chefs d'établissement de tester régulièrement leurs activités en ligne pour garantir l'accessibilité."
    Dans une fiche d'information, l'OCR décrit les droits des étudiants handicapés pendant les fermetures d'écoles et de collèges et comprend des conseils pour prévenir les incidents de discrimination.
    - Paul Fain Fédération nationale des aveugles: ne pensez pas à l'accessibilité en ligne après coup 16 mars, 18 h 15 La Fédération nationale des aveugles exhorte les écoles et les collèges à ne pas oublier leur obligation légale de rendre le contenu d'apprentissage accessible à tous les étudiants alors qu'ils se précipitent pour déplacer les cours en ligne en réponse à la propagation de COVID-19.
    Dans un article de blog publié aujourd'hui, Stephanie Flynt, spécialiste des affaires gouvernementales à la Fédération nationale des aveugles, a écrit que les étudiants aveugles «risquent de voir leurs besoins éducatifs continus balayés sous le tapis» alors que de nombreux établissements se préparent à cesser l'enseignement en personne.
    «Au cours des deux dernières décennies, nous savons que la salle de classe interactive du 21e siècle a considérablement évolué, mais nous savons également que l'accessibilité du matériel pédagogique a continué d'être considérée comme une réflexion après coup», a écrit Flynt. «Les solutions existent, mais doivent être priorisées.»
    La Fédération nationale des aveugles a compilé une série de ressources sur l'accessibilité pour les éducateurs et surveille les obstacles à l'accessibilité grâce à une enquête sur les technologies de l'éducation. Les lecteurs sont invités à participer à un chat Twitter #AccessibleNOW le vendredi 20 mars à 12 h. EST.
    - Lindsay McKenzie Chef des collèges de deux ans de Californie: la réponse au virus durera jusqu'en juin 16 mars, 17 h 00 Eloy Oakley, chancelier du système des collèges communautaires de Californie, a déclaré lundi que la réponse du système à l'épidémie de coronavirus durera probablement jusqu'en juin, a rapporté Mikhail Zinshteyn, un journaliste de l'éducation basé en Californie.
    Oakley parlait lors d'une audience. Il a déclaré que les collèges de deux ans de l'Etat devraient "planifier un deuxième pic du virus vers août ou septembre".
    Le conseil d'administration du système a accordé à Oakley des pouvoirs d'urgence pendant 180 jours. Il a maintenant la capacité de passer outre les règles locales et étatiques existantes régissant les collèges communautaires.
    Le système, qui inscrit environ 2,1 millions d'étudiants dans 115 collèges, a annoncé la semaine dernière un passage à l'enseignement en ligne. Oakley a également déclaré que les collèges devraient annuler, reporter ou déplacer en ligne toutes les cérémonies de commencement prévues en mai et juin.
    - Paul Fain Northwestern va reporter le rassemblement des présidents des collèges du monde entier 16 mars, 16 h 44 Un sommet des présidents d'universités du monde entier, prévu pour début juin, a été reporté à mesure que le COVID-19 se propage.
    Des dizaines de présidents devaient assister au sommet U7 + à la Northwestern University. Le rassemblement visait à aider les dirigeants universitaires «à jouer un rôle de premier plan pour relever les défis mondiaux critiques» comme le climat, les inégalités, la polarisation, la transformation technologique et l'engagement communautaire.
    Le report de la réunion permettra aux dirigeants de se concentrer sur les problèmes à la maison, selon un communiqué de presse du Nord-Ouest. L'événement sera reporté, a-t-il précisé.
    "Nous sommes profondément déterminés à travailler au-delà des frontières institutionnelles et géographiques pour relever nos plus grands défis mondiaux", a déclaré le président de Northwestern, Morton Schapiro, dans un communiqué. "Cependant, la santé et la sécurité de nos communautés académiques et mondiales sont d'une importance primordiale en ce moment, nécessitant un report du Sommet U7 +."
    En plus du Northwestern qui organise l'événement, Columbia University, Georgetown University et University of California, Berkeley, sont répertoriés comme co-sponsors. Des représentants de plus de 50 universités ont été invités.
    - Rick Seltzer Les collèges commencent à annuler les cérémonies de commencement 16 mars, 16 h 18 L'Université du Michigan est devenue vendredi l'une des premières institutions américaines à annuler les cérémonies de début de printemps.
    De nombreux autres collèges et universités ont déclaré qu'ils décideraient de commencer plus tard. Mais cela pourrait changer mercredi, car plusieurs collèges ont appelé à annuler les événements.
    Howard University, Kansas State University, Wentworth Institute of Technology and Kellogg Community College were among institutions to announce that commencement was canceled or postponed.
    Kellogg, located in Michigan, cited federal guidelines recommending against larger gathering of people.
    “We are in unprecedented times and we are taking unprecedented measures as an institution to prevent exposure to the coronavirus that is rapidly spreading in Michigan and around the world,” Adrien Bennings, president of KCC, said in a statement. “We are disappointed that we won’t have the opportunity to celebrate our Bruins’ success by handing them a diploma as they walk across the stage to the applause of their family and friends, but we will find some other way to recognize their accomplishments.”
    -- Paul Fain In Reversal, LA Community College District Suspends All Classes March 16, 2:15 p.m. The Los Angeles Community College District announced the suspension of all classes, both online and in-person, beginning today and going through March 29.
    The governing board for the district, which enrolls roughly 230,000 students, made the decision after initially planning to move to online class delivery after canceling classes for the first two days of this week. The district had said the two-day pause would be used to train faculty members to access and teach in the online platform.
    But after an emergency meeting over the weekend, the board instead opted to suspend all classes and in-person services at the colleges until the end of the month.
    “There is nothing more important to me and to my board colleagues than the safety of our students, staff and faculty. This was a difficult decision to make, but it was the right one that provides protection and stability during these challenging times,” Andra Hoffman, the board's president, said in statement.
    -- Paul Fain Some International Applications Soaring to University of the People March 16, 2:04 p.m. The online nonprofit University of the People reports a huge spike in global applications in response to the coronavirus.
    “We are seeing an enormous jump in numbers of applications and interest from areas highly affected by the coronavirus, from students whose schools may have shut down or who may be in quarantine themselves,” Shai Reshef, president of the University of the People, said in an emailed statement.
    “We are happy to accommodate these students affected by mounting health concerns,” he said.
    The university, which is a tuition-free, accredited American university, received 300 applications from students in China during the winter term from October to December 2019. So far this term, which started Jan. 1, the number of applications from China has tripled.
    Web traffic from Italy, Japan and South Korea -- all countries badly impacted by the pandemic -- has also doubled in recent months.
    -- Lindsay McKenzie College Board, ACT Reschedule Exams March 16, 12:19 p.m. The College Board and ACT have rescheduled upcoming exams.
    The SAT of May 2 has been canceled. Makeup exams for the March 14 SAT, scheduled for March 28, have also been canceled "in response to the rapidly evolving situation around the coronavirus (COVID-19)."
    Students who had been registered to take the SAT on one of those days will receive refunds.
    At this point, the next SAT that has not been called off is June 6.
    ACT has rescheduled the April 4 exam, moving it to June 13 "in response to concerns about the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19)." In the next few days, everyone who registered for the exam will receive information about the new date.
    The College Board gave the SAT on Saturday, although many test sites were closed.
    -- Scott Jaschik​
    Census Bureau Shares Information on Counting On-Campus Students Who've Been Sent Home March 16, 12:12 p.m. The U.S. Census Bureau is addressing some operations that count college students.
    College students who live on campus are counted through their colleges or universities as part of a census operation that counts students in university-owned housing and other group quarters like nursing homes, halfway houses and prisons. That could get a little more complicated with so many campuses sending students home.
    A little more than half of student housing administrators had been planning to respond to the census in a method that provides the Census Bureau with directory information about students. Another 35 percent had been planning to allow students to self-respond with individual questionnaires.
    The Census Bureau is contacting those institutions allowing self-responses to ask if they’d like to change those plans.
    Generally, students in colleges that are temporarily closed because of the outbreak will still be counted under the same processes as before.
    “Per the Census Bureau’s residence criteria, in most cases students living away from home at school should be counted at school, even if they are temporarily elsewhere due to the COVID-19 pandemic,” said a Sunday afternoon news release from the Census Bureau.
    In other words, even if students are home on the official census day, which is April 1, they should be counted based on where they live and sleep most of the time. The Census Bureau says it is asking institutions to contact students with reminders about responding.
    -- Rick Seltzer Guidance on International Students and Online Courses March 15, 10:21 a.m. The Department of Homeland Security’s Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) has published more detailed guidance on how it will offer flexibility in relation to rules that typically restrict international students from counting more than one online course toward the requirement that they maintain a full-time course of study.
    The guidance, published Friday, addresses three scenarios: one in which a school closes temporarily without offering online learning instruction, one in which a college temporarily switches to online instruction and the international student remains in the U.S., and one in which a college temporarily switches to online instruction and the international student leaves the country.
    In the first case -- in which a college closes -- the Homeland Security Department said institutions should keep international student records active in the federal Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) so long as students intend to resume their course of studies when classes start up again, just as they would for regularly scheduled academic breaks.
    For the other two cases, in which institutions switch to online instruction, SEVP said it will temporarily waive restrictions on international students engaging in online coursework. Students’ SEVIS records should stay in active status if they continue courses online whether they are inside or outside the U.S.
    SEVP stressed that the measures are temporary and that guidance is subject to change. Colleges must notify SEVP of procedural changes they make to respond to the coronavirus within 10 days of making those changes.
    -- Elizabeth Redden Grinnell Expands Pass/Fail Option March 15, 9:45 a.m. Grinnell College, a liberal arts college in Iowa, is allowing students to take all their spring courses under a pass/fail grading system in light of the college’s temporary shift from in-person to distance education. Students have until April 10 to switch some or all of their spring courses to a pass/fail grading system. Students can still opt to complete their courses under a traditional A-F grading system, but Grinnell said expanded use of pass/fail grading "aims to reduce student stress during this already-stressful time, while still providing a pathway to fulfill program and degree requirements."
    -- Elizabeth Redden Academic Libraries Share Response to COVID-19 March 15, 9:10 a.m. Many institutions are busy preparing to take their in-person courses online, but few academic libraries have significantly altered how they operate in response to the coronavirus, early survey data reveal.
    The Academic Library Response to COVID-19 survey was launched on March 11 by Christine Wolff-Eisenberg, manager of surveys and research at Ithaka S+R, and Lisa Janicke Hinchliffe, professor and coordinator for information literacy services and instruction at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
    Over 200 libraries responded to the survey in the first 24 hours, reporting “relatively little change” in how they serve users. Libraries reported prevention and mitigation measures such as increased cleaning and public event cancellations, but only 64 percent of libraries said they engaged in regular communication with staff to provide updates and guidelines on safety measures.
    The survey is still open and seeking responses. Regularly updated results can be accessed here.
    -- Lindsay McKenzie SNHU Shares Resources About Online Learning March 14, 12:40 p.m. Southern New Hampshire University, which is one of the nation's largest universities, enrolling more than 96,000 students in online programs, released tips for other colleges as they move instruction online. The resources include guides on how to build a teacher persona, support student success, handle feedback and forums, and accommodate diversity, equity and inclusion in the online classroom.
    "In times like these, the importance of working together becomes more apparent than ever. Uniting as one community to share critical resources and information is both a sign of solidarity, and a sign of our collective commitment to the good and wellbeing of all people -- not just the ones in our own campus classrooms," Paul LeBlanc, SHNU's president, said in a statement. "So as many colleges and universities move instruction online, SNHU would like to support their efforts in any way we can. We’ve compiled a list of resources and instructional tips that may be helpful, and invite our fellow schools to reach out to us if they feel the need as they navigate the process in the coming weeks."
    -- Paul Fain NCAA May Adjust Eligibility Rules for Athletes March 13, 5:50 p.m. The National Collegiate Athletic Association’s three divisions will discuss adjusting eligibility rules for spring athletes, which would potentially allow seniors to compete for another season.
    The Division I Council Coordination Committee agreed eligibility relief would be appropriate for all Division I athletes who participated in spring sports and said the details of any rules adjustments will come later. The Division III Administrative Committee officially granted spring sports athletes an additional season or semester of eligibility, according to statements released by the NCAA.
    The Division II Administrative Committee will also allow spring athletes to be eligible for an additional season.
    -- Greta Anderson Consumer Groups: Trump's Student Interest Waivers Not Enough March 13, 5:35 p.m. Consumer groups applauded President Trump’s announcement that he will indefinitely waive the interest on federal loans during the coronavirus crisis.
    But having asked Trump and Congress to put in place a moratorium to give borrowers a break from making any loan payments during the economic fallout from the pandemic, the groups also said the president’s move didn’t go far enough.
    “Freezing interest will keep balances from growing during this time and that's important,” Persis Yu, National Consumer Law Center staff attorney, said in a statement.
    "However, many borrowers are going to experience income shocks and urgent expenses that will impede their ability to make their regularly scheduled payments," said Yu. "Moreover, people need the confidence to know that, if they are sick or medically vulnerable or need to care for children, that they can stay home and not face the draconian consequences of defaulting on their student loans."
    Yu also called for the Education Department to stop garnishing wages or taking payments from Social Security benefits and tax refunds during the crisis.
    "No one should fall behind on their student debts because of this national crisis," said James Kvaal, president of the Institute for College Access and Success. "Waiving interest is welcome, but the key question is whether student loan borrowers can reduce or halt their monthly payments during the crisis​. Fully pausing student loan payments in addition to halting interest accumulation, and stopping punitive student loan collections, would provide much-needed, immediate relief to those individuals who may be unable to work and are facing economic hardship during this time of uncertainty."
    Mike Saunders, director of military and consumer policy at Veterans Education Success, said waiving interest rates will only marginally help student borrowers.
    "We call on President Trump to ensure borrowers, as well as all Americans, have extra cash in their pockets until this global pandemic is over," he said. "The federal government should not require Americans to prioritize payments to the government over ensuring the health and safety of their own families."
    A spokeswoman for the department said more details are coming on Trump's order.
    And earlier, a Democratic House aide said a moratorium on student loan payments is not expected to be included in the coronavirus package Congress is negotiating with the White House.
    -- Kery Murakami Trump to Waive Interest on Student Loans March 13, 4:10 p.m. At a news conference to declare a national emergency over the coronavirus pandemic, President Trump said he is issuing an emergency order to help student loan borrowers. "To help students and families, I have waived interest of student loans until further notice," Trump said.
    -- Kery Murakami Wife of UT Austin President Tests Positive March 13, 2:30 p.m. Greg Fenves, president of the University of Texas at Austin, is being tested for COVID-19 after his wife, Carmel, tested positive for the virus.
    A second member of Fenves's family, who also works at the university, is presumed to have COVID-19 as well, according to a letter from Fenves to the university community.
    Fenves, his wife and the other family member are in self-isolation. They are compiling a list of people they have recently had contact with. UT Health Austin nurses will reach out to those on the list who are affiliated with the university for screening.
    Last week, Fenves and his wife traveled to New York City for alumni and student events. His wife began experiencing mild flu-like symptoms upon their return.
    Classes at UT Austin were canceled and the campus was closed today, March 13, because of the positive test.
    -- Madeline St. Amour Change of Plans for Monmouth March 13, 2 p.m. At least one college already has changed its initial response to the novel coronavirus.
    Monmouth College in Illinois initially planned to resume classes on March 18, extending its spring break by a few days.
    In a letter sent Friday, the college said it reassessed and will instead allow flexibility for students and faculty members to make their own decisions.
    The college will stay closed for an extra week after spring break ends and reopen on March 23 under what it’s calling a “flexible plan” for the rest of the semester.
    Under this plan, students can choose whether to return to campus or study online. Residence halls and food services will open this weekend as planned, and students can return to campus this weekend.
    Professors will work with students who choose to study online. Faculty members can also choose to move their courses fully online if they wish.
    Staff will also receive flexible options for their work.
    Monmouth will be holding workshops for faculty on moving courses online from now until March 23.
    “There is no perfect answer to the crisis that has happened upon us,” a statement from the college reads. “We believe this response affirms our twin commitments to quality education and to campus community wellbeing -- even as we acknowledge that a pandemic has a way of throwing a wrench into that mission.”
    -- Madeline St. Amour Call for More Tests March 13, 11:55 a.m. The Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health is calling on the Trump administration to take action to manufacture quality test kits for the novel coronavirus.
    The association, which represents deans and directors of 128 accredited institutions for public health, said in a news release that it felt compelled to speak out about test-kit availability.
    “When the United States failed to participate in the World Health Organization’s collaborative effort to bring testing to the world’s nations, it made an implicit commitment to provide its own tests,” the statement reads. “It has failed to do so, and clinical and public health organizations alike do not have anywhere near the testing capacity for an aggressive response to the expanding COVID-19 crisis.”
    The association is asking the administration to use emergency public health measures and funding to facilitate public-private partnerships to validate and manufacture test kits for hospitals and clinics. Without enough reliable tests to diagnose and track the virus, the country won’t be able to combat the threat, according to the association.
    -- Madeline St. Amour Flexibility for Students Abroad March 13, 11:55 a.m. The Student and Exchange Visitor Program announced that nonimmigrant students can temporarily use distance learning, either from within the U.S. or elsewhere, to continue their courses in light of the novel coronavirus outbreak.
    Some members of NAFSA: Association of International Educators had reported to the organization earlier that the Student and Exchange Visitor Program told schools and colleges to instead terminate records for students who took online portions of classes abroad.
    After NAFSA contacted the program with their concerns and advocated that it allow schools and colleges to keep records in active status for students who switch to online courses, the program issued a statement correcting its guidance.
    -- Madeline St. Amour No Student Loan Relief Expected in Coronavirus Package From Congress March, 13 11:40 a.m. The multibillion-dollar coronavirus package being negotiated by Representative Nancy Pelosi, the House Speaker, and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin isn’t expected to include a temporary suspension of student loan payments, said a Democratic House aide. Advocacy groups like Veterans Education Success and The Institute for College Access and Successhad been hoping for some temporary relief. House Democrats, however, are working on proposals to provide help.
    Meanwhile, Senator Patty Murray, the top Democrat on the Senate's health and education committee, proposed a temporary exemption for students from repaying Pell Grants or student loans if their terms are disrupted. Under current law, Pell Grant recipients would have to return a portion of their grants to the federal government if they withdraw from school, or in this case, if their institution closes.
    The bill, co-sponsored by Senator Chuck Schumer, the minority leader, and Senator Kirsten Gillibrand, both New York Democrats, would provide $1.2 billion in funding to provide emergency financial aid to college students for basic needs created by unexpected college closures and COVID-19 related disruptions, including food, housing, health care and childcare needs.
    It would also provide $1.2 billion in funding to help K-12 school districts and higher education institutions plan for closures, including how to provide meals to students, support efforts to clean and sanitize educational facilities, and to provide training to educators and other staff members on how to properly ensure their buildings are safe for students' return.
    The National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators applauded the co-sponsors “for acting quickly to find a solution to support financial aid recipients, who may now find themselves in dire situations in the face of this pandemic.”
    -- Kery Murakami Bogus Fliers at Bates College about 'Forced Contamination' March 13, 10:50 a.m. Anonymous fliers appeared Wednesday on the campus of Bates College. They falsely claimed Bates was attempting to cope with the viral outbreak through "forced massed contamination," because the college had determined that students and all others will get COVID-19, the Lewiston Sun Journal reported.
    The college, which is located in Maine, quickly denounced the fliers, calling on students, faculty and staff members to discard them.
    “We are all doing our best to grapple with a very challenging public health situation, this kind of action reflects seriously poor judgment and blatant disregard for the concerns and well-being of others,” a Bates spokesman said in a message to the Bates community.
    On Friday Bates announced it was suspending classes and moving to remote learning. The college said students must leave campus by today.
    In a message to the campus, Clayton Spencer, Bates's president, expressed empathy for the resulting disruptions felt by students, their families and faculty and staff members.
    "We find ourselves in a situation that is, quite literally, beyond our control. I understand that the solutions we are offering are necessarily imperfect and place extra demands on all members of our community," Spencer wrote. "I have heard from many students over the past week. Some have expressed their anxiety about staying on campus under current circumstances, and others have described to me how devastated they feel at the prospect of having to leave campus and their Bates world mid-semester. My heart goes out to all of our students, as these are genuinely stressful and difficult times. But this is an unprecedented situation, and we have no choice but to take this course of action."
    -- Paul Fain Wharton Creates Coronavirus Course March 13, 10:30 a.m. As colleges across the country shut down or move online in response to the spread of the novel coronavirus, the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania already is taking lessons from the outbreak and putting them into a course.
    Epidemics, Natural Disasters and Geopolitics: Managing Global Business and Financial Uncertainty will be a six-week, half-credit course offered remotely starting March 25, after the college’s extended spring break, according to a news release.
    The course will discuss financial market reactions to the coronavirus, emotional contagion and how the virus affects the trade war with China.
    “There are significant business lessons to be learned from the global response to the coronavirus outbreak, and Wharton is at the forefront of sharing valuable insights and creating a community to exchange ideas,” said Geoff Garrett, dean of the Wharton School. “This is a teachable moment for the global academic community, and this course is just one example of how Wharton is coming together to provide support during a time of heightened anxiety and ambiguity.”
    More than 450 students have already preregistered for the course.
    -- Madeline St. Amour U-Haul Offers Free Storage March 13, 10:30 a.m. More colleges are telling students to pack up and head home for the semester due to the novel coronavirus, often leaving students with costs for moving or storing their belongings.
    U-Haul has stepped forward to offer 30 days of free self-storage to college students in the U.S. and Canada in response to the outbreak, according to a news release from the company. It also includes use of the company’s portable moving and storage containers.
    “We don’t know how every student is affected. But we know they are affected,” John Taylor, U-Haul’s president, said in the statement. “More and more universities are giving instructions to leave campus and go home. Students and their parents are in need of moving and storage solutions. We have the expertise and network to help, and that’s exactly what we’re going to do.”
    The free month applies only to new customers with college IDs, according to the release.
    U-Haul has offered this deal before to specific communities impacted by natural disasters, but this is the first time that it will be offered nationwide.
    -- Madeline St. Amour Sodexo Offers Expanded Sick Pay March 13, 10:10 a.m. Sodexo, a company that operates food and dining services on many college campuses, announced Thursday that all employees, full- and part-time, will be granted sick pay for up to 21 days if they have a confirmed case of COVID-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus, or are asked not to come in because of related symptoms.
    This use of sick pay only will be available after an employee has used up their accrued sick time. The limited and haphazard coronavirus testing regimen in the U.S. raises questions about how many employees with the virus will be able to access tests and confirm their cases. The country is far behind others in its ability to test for the virus, a fact acknowledged Thursday by Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
    “Sodexo is committed to the health and safety of our employees, our clients and the communities we serve, and that includes supporting our employees where we can if they get sick as they service our clients,” Sarosh Mistry, president of Sodexo USA, said in a statement. “Our long-standing commitment to our employees is something we will stand by, especially at a time like this.” UT Austin Shuts Down Campus Operations March 13, 9:20 a.m. Citing two positive cases of COVID-19 in the Austin area, the University of Texas at Austin on Friday morning canceled classes and closed operations. Only essential personnel should work today, the university said.
    Yesterday UT Austin suspended campus visits and all university-sponsored travel and issued a worldwide recall of faculty, staff and students on university-sponsored trips.
    -- Paul Fain NCAA Cancels March Madness March 12, 4:30 p.m. The National Collegiate Athletic Association canceled the Division I men’s and women’s basketball tournaments, along with all other winter and spring championships scheduled for the remainder of the 2019-20 academic year, the association said in a statement.
    “This decision is based on the evolving COVID-19 public health threat, our ability to ensure the events do not contribute to spread of the pandemic and the impracticality of hosting such events at any time during this academic year given ongoing decisions by other entities,” the NCAA said.
    -- Greta Anderson Feds Issue Guidelines for FERPA March 12, 4 p.m. The U.S. Department of Education has issued guidelines for institutions regarding the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, or FERPA, and the novel coronavirus COVID-19.
    Generally, FERPA doesn’t allow colleges to provide information about a student to others without their consent. But there are some exceptions that could allow colleges to send information to others without consent as they deal with the spread of coronavirus, according to Amelia Vance, director of youth and education privacy at the Future of Privacy Forum. Vance said much of that guidance was already outlined in what the department released during the spread of the H1N1 virus.
    The first exception allows colleges to disclose students’ personal information without their consent if that information is necessary to protect the health and safety of others. For example, if a student tests positive for coronavirus or has symptoms, the college can release a statement saying a student tested positive, without identifying the student.
    Colleges could also send emails to students who shared specific classes with the sick student and identify them by name. While the guidance released today says those situations are typically rare, Vance said that likely will not be the case with coronavirus.
    For those who are worried about violating regulations, Vance pointed to a 2009 FERPA regulation that said the department won’t second-guess a college’s determination in an emergency unless most people would consider it unreasonable.
    The second exception allows colleges to identify students to public health departments. If the college declares it’s an emergency, it can provide that information without students’ consent. If a college said it’s not an emergency, the department could hypothetically issue a subpoena to get the information, Vance said.
    College officials should keep in mind that they are required to record instances when they share students’ information without consent, Vance said. She recommends that they keep track in real time so they don’t have to retrace their steps after the situation calms down.
    -- Madeline St. Amour Ratings Agency Details Coronavirus Risks March 12, 2:30 p.m. Operating and enrollment pressure could build on some colleges and universities as COVID-19 spreads, according to a note out this afternoon from Fitch Ratings.
    Institutions with limited liquidity, those that rely heavily on tuition revenue and those that rely more heavily on endowment draws to fund operations generally have less ability to absorb revenue volatility before their finances take a hit, the note said. Those with larger operating margins and cash flow flexibility enjoy a stronger position.
    Sources of operating risk include campus closures or other restrictions on students, faculty and staff. They also include lower dorm-occupancy rates and branch campuses abroad closing. Closures of only a few weeks aren’t expected to have a large impact on colleges’ operating performance, but pressures will build the longer campuses are shuttered.
    Fees loom as an important issue. Income from auxiliary services like housing, dining and parking have grown in importance for many colleges and universities. A decline in fee revenue from services could affect margins if it stretches into the fall 2020 semester, according to the ratings agency.
    Normally, universities don’t have to refund auxiliary fees, but some colleges may be choosing to do so on a prorated basis for services no longer being provided.
    Fitch expects reliance on online classes to grow in the next few months, adding to an expected increase in online education over the long term. Enrollment during campus shutdowns could decline at institutions without strong online learning platforms.
    Universities with significant international student populations could be in line for reduced enrollment and subsequent pressure on net tuition revenue in the upcoming academic year. The risk is notable because research universities tend to have the largest numbers of international students, but they also have stronger financial profiles than other types of institutions.
    Market declines are expected to hit endowments but not have an impact on bond ratings. Fitch also mentioned the possibility that reduced economic activity could hit state budgets and in turn public funding for colleges and universities. But the ratings agency called the size of such effects unclear at this point.
    -- Rick Seltzer Duke Suspends All Athletic Activities March 12, 2:20 p.m. Duke University appears to be the first power-conference institution to cancel all its athletics events. Vincent Price, Duke's president, said the university was suspending all practices and games, effective immediately.
    “We are taking this action to protect the safety of our student-athletes, coaches, staff and others who are essential to these activities,” Price said in a statement. “I know it is a great disappointment to our student-athletes and coaches, whose hard work and dedication to their sports and Duke is inspirational to so many, but we must first look out for their health and well-being. This is clearly an unprecedented moment for our university, our region and the wider world. As we take steps to confront the spread of this virus, I’m grateful for the cooperation and support of the entire Duke community.”
    The decision means Duke's perennial powerhouse men's basketball team, currently ranked No.6 nationally in some polls, will not be participating in the NCAA tournament.
    "We emphatically support the decision made by Dr. Price today regarding the suspension of athletic competition at Duke," Mike Krzyzewski, the men's basketball coach, said in the statement. "The welfare of our student-athletes, and all students at Duke, is paramount, and this decision reflects that institutional priority. Certainly, I want to applaud Dr. Price, who took a leadership role with his presidential peers and the Atlantic Coast Conference in arriving at this decision."
    The University of Kansas, Arizona State University and West Virginia University followed with similar announcements on Thursday afternoon.
    -- Paul Fain Conferences Cancel Basketball Tournaments March 12, 12:25 p.m. The Big Ten, the Southeastern Conference and the American Athletic Conference will not proceed with men’s basketball conference tournaments, fearing the spread of COVID-19.
    Some men’s basketball games for these conferences have already taken place this week, and the women’s basketball conference championships for the Big Ten, SEC and AAC are complete.
    The National Collegiate Athletic Association announced Wednesday it would hold Division I championship tournament games without public spectators, but it has made no indication of plans to postpone or cancel the tournament.
    -- Greta Anderson NASPA Cancels Annual Conference March 12, 12:10 p.m. The annual conference for the National Association of Student Personnel Administrators, NASPA, has been canceled due to growing concern over the novel coronavirus, COVID-19.
    The conference was scheduled to run March 28 through April 1 in Austin, Tex. After the city declared a public health emergency and the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic, the organization sent out an email canceling the event.
    Those who were registered for the event must email NASPA to cancel and receive refunds. Otherwise, the payments will automatically go toward fees for next year’s conference.
    The organization plans to hold free virtual, live-streaming keynotes and other session from March 30 to April 10 in place of the conference.
    The only other time NASPA has canceled its largest annual gathering was during World War II. Several other higher education organizations have canceled conferences, including the American Council of Education, the Association of American Colleges and Universities, and the International Studies Association.
    -- Madeline St. Amour Growing Number of Two-Year Colleges Move Online March 12, noon. Community colleges face a broad range of challenges in moving classes online, most notably a relative lack of resources among both the colleges and their students. But large numbers have begun making the switch in the last 24 hours. The Los Angeles Community College District and its nine colleges, for example, announced yesterday that it would suspend as many in-person classes as possible and move them to an online platform.
    A spokesman for California's community college system, Paul Feist, said Thursday that the system's 115 colleges, which enroll 2.1 million students, can start moving courses online now and submit requests for approval after the fact. He said more than a dozen colleges had already told the chancellor’s office they are making the change. Very few are choosing to shut down campuses completely.
    “The colleges are working very hard to protect the health and safety of students and staff while continuing with the educational mission,” Feist said. “We are accustomed in California to dealing with disasters, and community colleges will be a critical resource as we work through this.”
    Other two-year institutions making similar moves include Long Beach City College, Des Moines Area Community College, Parkland College in Illinois, Maryland's Harford Community College, Cuyahoga Community College in Cleveland, Rhode Island Community College and Northern Virginia Community College. The City University of New York, which includes seven community colleges, yesterday announced the transition.
    "By transitioning to distance learning, CUNY will be upholding its responsibility as the largest urban public university in the country and meeting our goal of minimizing exposure to those on our campus communities to coronavirus transmission," Félix V. Matos Rodríguez, CUNY's chancellor, said in a statement.
    -- Madeline St. Amour and Paul Fain Relief Fund for Students Affected by Closures March 11, 11:22 p.m. The new Student Relief Fund is offering to match donations of up to $5,000 for grants aimed at the hundreds of thousands of college students who are affected by campus closures over COVID-19 concerns, who may face hunger and homelessness as a result. Believe in Students, Edquity and the Rise Fund are matching the donations. The grants will be distributed as emergency aid by Edquity and the FAST Fund, which has locations in 18 cities around the U.S.
    -- Paul Fain New Guidance for Colleges in New Jersey, Medical Colleges March 11, 6:28 p.m. The New Jersey Office of the Secretary of Higher Education issued new guidance for colleges and universities to make coronavirus-related decisions that affect campus life. The guidance addressed material hardships students might face, travel directives, continuity of instruction, quarantine facilities and procedures, cleaning protocols, and efforts to reduce anxiety
    "These considerations include handling basic needs for those who need it (such as housing and food); notifying the surrounding community -- including municipal and county leadership and the local business community -- and decision-making involved with re-convening in-person instruction if an institution has decided to move its classes online," the office of Zakiya Smith Ellis, New Jersey's higher education secretary, said in a statement.
    The Association of American Medical Colleges released new recommendations after a meeting at the White House. They covered:

    Dernières nouvelles sur le coronavirus et l'enseignement supérieur

  • Increasing the availability and capacity of testing
  • Ensuring adequate supplies and stewardship of personal protective equipment
  • Holding patients harmless for the cost of testing and treatment
  • Increasing the availability and use of telehealth
  • Supporting hospitals’ efforts to expand capacity to meet surging needs
  • "America’s academic medical centers are committed to mounting a vigorous response to contain and mitigate COVID-19 and to providing quality care to any patient affected by this public health emergency, including the under- and uninsured," Dr. David J. Skorton, the association's president and CEO, said in a statement. "Because of their expert faculty physicians, highly trained health care teams and cutting-edge medical technology, major teaching hospitals consistently maintain a heightened level of preparedness to respond rapidly to any major event at any time."
    -- Paul Fain Man With University of Delaware Connections is State’s Presumptive First Positive Case March 11, 5:45 p.m. The Delaware Division of Public Health has announced the state’s presumptive first positive cause of COVID-19, which involves “a New Castle County man over the age of 50 who is associated with the University of Delaware community.”
    The man affected was exposed to another confirmed case in a different state, according to officials. He is not severely ill. He isolated himself at home when symptoms appeared.
    Epidemiologists are attempting to identify other individuals who were potentially exposed. Students, faculty and staff members with concerns about exposure risks are being asked to contact a University of Delaware call center.
    -- Rick Seltzer More Universities Plan Remote Classes March 11, 5:30 p.m. Several more major universities and systems have announced plans of varying scale for remote classes, affecting hundreds of thousands of students: the University of North Carolina system, Penn State University, the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Kentucky.
    Penn State is strongly discouraging many students from returning to campus for several weeks. Penn is asking students to leave by Sunday.
    The University of North Carolina system’s institutions will move from in-person instruction to “a system of alternative course delivery, where possible and practical, no later than March 20.” The alternative course delivery is to officially start March 23 and last indefinitely, but the system aims to return to in-person instruction as soon as possible.
    Outside events and gatherings of 100 or more people are being canceled or postponed, and the university is suspending sponsored travel to in-state gatherings of 100 or more people, as well as travel outside the state, unless specially authorized.
    Penn State University will move to remote instruction from March 16 through April 3. It plans to go back to in-person classes Monday, April 6, at the earliest.
    During the three weeks following spring break, Penn State undergraduate and law students at all campus locations are being “strongly discouraged” from returning to on- and off-campus locations and dwellings. Residence halls and dining facilities will not be reopened for normal operations during the period, beyond facilities already in use.
    Graduate students are also being asked to participate in classes remotely and not come to campus “specifically for face-to-face instruction.” Students who must be on campus will be worked with on an individual basis.
    Elsewhere in Pennsylvania, the University of Pennsylvania is extending its spring break for all students aside from those in health-related schools or programs who have already had break or who are in clinical rotations. Penn plans to migrate classroom teaching to virtual instruction for both undergraduate and graduate classes, to begin March 23 and continue through the rest of the semester.
    Penn is asking students who are out of town to not return to campus. Those on campus are being asked to leave by Sunday.
    The University of Kentucky will remain open but continue instruction through “online or other alternatives” from March 23 through April 3 -- the two weeks after its spring break for most students. It intends to go back to normal course delivery April 6.
    Kentucky students will be able to return to campus residence halls. Research and health-care activities are set to continue as planned. But all international travel sponsored or endorsed by the university has been indefinitely suspended. Any travelers arriving from Europe and Japan will be required to “self-isolate” for 14 days before being allowed on campus.
    Further, the University of Kentucky is strongly discouraging university-sponsored or -endorsed domestic travel.
    -- Rick Seltzer No Fans for March Madness Tournaments March 11, 4:51 p.m. The National Collegiate Athletic Association will move forward with its men’s and women’s championship basketball tournaments without public spectators, Mark Emmert, the NCAA's president, said in a statement Wednesday.
    This means only essential staff and some family members will be permitted to be in the audience of the upcoming weeks of March Madness tournament games, which begin March 17. The precautions will help to protect the fans from transmitting COVID-19, as “behavioral risk mitigation strategies are the best option for slowing the spread of the disease,” the NCAA’s coronavirus advisory panel said in a statement.
    A number of individual institutions, athletic conferences and governments have already canceled or issued limitations or bans on spectators at NCAA events across the country.
    “While I understand how disappointing this is for all fans of our sports, my decision is based on the current understanding of how COVID-19 is progressing in the United States,” Emmert said. “This decision is in the best interest of public health, including that of coaches, administrators, fans and, most importantly, our student-athletes. We recognize the opportunity to compete in an NCAA national championship is an experience of a lifetime for the students and their families.”
    -- Greta Anderson Striking Grad Students Criticize UC Santa Cruz's Move Online March 11, 4:45 p.m. Striking graduate students at the University of California, Santa Cruz, have put out a statement regarding the university's move to suspend face-to-face classes and begin instruction online in the wake of the coronavirus outbreak. The university, the students said, has weaponized the public health crisis to break the wildcat strike.
    "We see the university’s turn to emergency measures as a rehearsal for a permanent shift to large scale online instruction, accelerating the creep of online teaching with little oversight, with no bargaining, and with little to no transparency," the statement said. "As UCSC looks for ways to operate in the spring after losing around 80 graduate student employees, the turn to online learning would set an alarming precedent for how a university can function without its workers."
    The university dismissed or declined to appoint around 80 graduate student teaching assistants who were withholding grades. The graduate student strike began in December. It is a labor action in demand of a cost-of-living adjustment by the university.
    “For undergraduates, this is not the education that they paid for,” the statement said. “Online teaching is a poor substitute for learning in a classroom, and has been shown to diminish the value of a university education."
    The grads will continue with a digital picket, which involves continuing to withhold grades, keeping any grade updates off Canvas, not teaching classes online and having undergraduates submit assignments directly to TAs.
    The university responded, "As local, national and global public health recommendations increasingly shift to efforts to mitigate transmission by social distancing, UC Santa Cruz is proactively taking steps to protect our campus community. In our assessment of the current situation, we believe that this is the best action for our campus and the broader Santa Cruz community."
    -- Lilah Burke SUNY and CUNY Move to Distance Learning March 11, 3:55 p.m. The State University of New York and City University of New York systems will move to distance learning for the rest of the semester, the state's governor, Andrew Cuomo, has announced.
    "This will help us reduce density and reduce the spread of this virus," the governor said in a statement on Twitter.
    A statement from the governor's office later clarified that the two public university systems will "implement plans to maximize distance learning and reduce in-person classes, beginning March 19, for the remainder of the spring semester in light of the evolving novel coronavirus situation in New York. All campuses will develop plans catered to the campus and curriculum-specific needs while reducing density in the campus environment to help slow possibility for exposures to novel coronavirus. Distance learning and other options will be developed by campuses."
    Hundreds of thousands of students will be affected by the move, making it one of the most significant yet seen across the country. SUNY reported fall head-count enrollment of more than 415,000 across its campuses. CUNY reported nearly 275,000 in 2018.
    The SUNY Student Assembly issued a response voicing appreciation for the move while also acknowledging the fact that students will require assistance.
    "Continuing SUNY’s tradition of inclusive and accessible academic excellence is as important as ever," the assembly's statement said. "The SUNY Student Assembly looks forward to working with Chancellor [Kristina M.] Johnson and her team to ensure that students have all the resources and support that they need as we make this transition.”
    -- Rick Seltzer AAC&U Conference Cancellation March 11, 3:32 p.m. Another association has called off a conference, as the Association of American Colleges & Universities canceled its 2020 Conference on Diversity, Equity and Student Success, which had been slated to be held in New Orleans March 19-21.
    AAC&U is planning to present some keynote sessions and workshops virtually. Materials from presentations for concurrent sessions will go up online. The association plans to reach out to those registered soon with information about participating virtually or options for refunds.
    “The health and safety of conference participants and AAC&U staff members are our highest priorities and were the determining factors in this difficult decision,” AAC&U said in a statement.
    -- Rick Seltzer Big Ten Says Hoops Tournaments Still On March 11, 3:15 p.m. The Big Ten Conference said Wednesday afternoon that its men's basketball tournament will continue as scheduled. The games are set to tip off this evening.
    "The Big Ten Conference’s main priority is to ensure the safety of our students, coaches, administrators, event staff, fans and media as we continue to monitor all relevant information on the COVID-19 virus," the Big Ten said in a statement.
    The Ivy League on Tuesday canceled its men's and women's basketball tournaments over coronavirus concerns. Some conference basketball players criticized the move, creating an online petition calling for the tournaments to be reinstated.
    "The hypocrisy of our Ivy League presidents is baffling and alarming," said the petition. "We are disappointed and disheartened that they would discriminate against one sport and allow the others to continue to compete."
    On Wednesday the conference dropped all athletics practice and competition through the remainder of the spring.
    Local authorities have banned large gatherings in San Francisco and the Seattle area, according to news reports.
    -- Paul Fain University Closures Continue March 11, 1:30 p.m. The University of Massachusetts system, the University System of Maryland, the University of Virginia, Georgetown University, George Washington University and Johns Hopkins University are among the latest institutions to move classes online and to urge students to leave campus.
    UMass's five campuses will "shift to a virtual mode of instruction" beginning on March 16 and through at least April 3, the system said in a statement. Most of the system's 75,000 students will not be on campus during that time, said UMass.
    The University System of Maryland on Tuesday urged all of its universities across the 12-institution system to prepare for students to remain off campus for at least two weeks after the system's spring break, which begins Saturday and ends on March 22.
    George Washington and Johns Hopkins both announced the suspension of in-person classes, which will move to online or remote versions.
    UVA’s shift to online instruction will begin on March 19, James E. Ryan, the university’s president, said in a statement.
    “Students who are away on spring break are strongly encouraged to return home or to remain home if they are already there,” Ryan said. “Students on grounds and in Charlottesville are strongly encouraged to return home by this weekend.”
    Georgetown’s move to online will begin on March 19. The university strongly encouraged undergraduate students to move to their permanent addresses.
    “We understand that for some number of students there will be a compelling reason to remain on campus,” the university said in a statement. “Campus will remain open and key services will be available.”
    -- Paul Fain More Campus and Conference Suspensions March 11, 12:30 p.m. Michigan State University was one of the latest and largest universities to announce the suspension of all in-person classes, effective at noon Wednesday. The university said in a statement that health authorities were investigating and monitoring someone linked to the campus for coronavirus-related concerns.
    Notre Dame University also announced Wednesday that it is moving to online instruction and canceling in-person classes, beginning March 23 though at least April 13.
    By Wednesday morning, roughly 90 colleges and universities had shut down their campuses or suspended in-person instruction and moved it online or to distance delivery, according to a crowdsourced Google sheet created by Bryan Alexander, a futurist, researcher and senior scholar at Georgetown University.
    Several others are helping Alexander maintain the database, which is being populated by contributors throughout higher education. It has crashed several times due to heavy traffic.
    ASU+GSV, a meeting focused on education technology, postsecondary education and workforce development that had been scheduled for April in San Diego, has been postponed until the fall.
    Organizers of the conference, which hosted 5,500 attendees last year, said postponing was “the best option to protect our community and to have a truly productive convening.”
    The American Association of Geographers also announced the cancelation of its April meeting in Denver. The group said Wednesday morning that it would shift to an online version, free of charge.
    -- Paul Fain Low-Income Students and Campus Shutdowns March 11, noon. Harvard University is giving students less than a week to pack up, leave campus and not return after spring break is over.
    Primus, a student organization at Harvard that advocates for the university's low-income and first-generation students, put out a statement highlighting several ways this expectation will be close to impossible for students who are not privileged.
    Many can't afford unexpected travel costs to get home. They're expected to pay for storage units for on-campus belongings. Students won't be able to rely on their on-campus jobs. And they're being asked to make all these changes while still attending classes this week.
    On top of that, students will have to take courses online, which requires internet access and computers.
    "These closures disproportionately affect the most vulnerable groups of students on campus," said Anthony Abraham Jack, assistant professor of education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, later adding, "I know what it means to be affected by something that money can't stop, but money helps you through. So when you don't come from money, you feel the full brunt of it."
    Beyond financial constraints, some students may not have safe homes to return to, he said. Jack said he knows of one student who lives an hour from home but never visits, because the student is queer and doesn't get a bed at home. Other students never had three square meals a day and a consistent roof over their heads until coming to college, Jack added.
    "Even if college is hell, it can still be a sanctuary for some students," he said.
    Primus has organized a document of resources and answers for students on financial assistance and help from alumni. But Jack said it's unfair to expect students to take on the job of the university.
    "We must be better, as college officials, at outlining processes so students can just be students," he said. "Right now, colleges are addressing this pandemic almost solely as a public health issue, when it's actually one affecting inequalities on campuses."
    -- Madeline St. Amour Unrest at the University of Dayton March 11, 11:30 a.m. A large crowd including students from the University of Dayton gathered on the Ohio campus yesterday after the university on Tuesday suspended in-person classes due to coronavirus concerns. The university called on all residential students to leave campus by 6 p.m. Mercredi.
    Students began gathering in large numbers after the announcement. The Dayton Daily News reported that police officers from multiple departments, some wearing riot gear, cleared the crowd, which dispersed by 2:15 a.m. One person was injured in the disturbance, according to the university.
    Students were not reacting to the coronavirus measures, the university said, but instead “wanted one last large gathering” before Dayton’s spring break, which begins Friday.
    “A large disorderly crowd that grew to more than 1,000 people gathered on Lowes Street starting around 11 p.m., throwing objects and bottles in the street and at police, and jumping on cars,” the university said in a written statement. “Police gave verbal orders to disperse which were ignored. Police initially launched pepper balls, which contain powder with an irritant that disperses quickly, that were unsuccessful in reducing the crowd size.”

    -- Paul Fain